Muhammad Ali Jinnah is an Indian politician who successfully campaigned for an independent Pakistan and became the first leader. He was known as “Quaid-e-Azam” or “Great Leader.”
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Profile
Muhammed Ali Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876 in Karachi, now Pakistan, but then part of British-controlled India. His father was a wealthy Muslim merchant.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah studied at the University of Bombay and Lincoln’s Inn in London. He then ran a successful law practice in Bombay. He was already a member of the Indian National Congress and when he joined the Muslim League in 1913, he campaigned for independence from British rule.
Jinnah Joined Muslim League
Many years ago, the Muslim League was formed in a Hindu state to represent the interests of Indian Muslims in a major Indian state. Then in 1916, he was elected President.
In 1920, the Indian National Congress initiated a non-cooperation movement to boycott all aspects of British rule. Muhammad Ali Jinnah rejected this policy and resigned from Congress. At that time, there was a big difference between the Congress and the Muslim League.
After the provincial elections in 1937, Congress refused to form a coalition administration with the Muslim League in mixed regions. Relations between Hindus and Muslims began to deteriorate.
Muslim League meeting in Lahore
In 1940, at the Muslim League meeting in Lahore, the first official request was made for the partition of India and the establishment of a Muslim state of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah had always believed that Hindu-Muslim unity was possible but reluctantly came to the conclusion that separation was necessary to protect the rights of Indian Muslims.
His insistence on this matter through negotiations with the British govt. Resulted in the separation of India and the creation of Pakistan on 14 August 1947.
This occurred against the backdrop of widespread violence between Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs and large population movements between the new states of Pakistan and India, where hundreds of thousands of people died.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah became Pakistan’s first governor-general but died of tuberculosis on September 11, 1948.
Source Input: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali_Jinnah